In the latest instalment of Tes' Pedagogy Focus series, we look at how best to use questioning in the classroom. The book is divided into two sections. Questioning is the most common form of interaction in the classroom. Conditions. Encourages students to engage with their work and each other. To achieve the best results, try to wait three seconds and be patient. I will be 100% real. 2. As a result, you’ll see improvements in student retention, more considered and lengthier answers, and higher levels of student-to-student interaction. Helps students to clarify their understanding. Closed questions limit the child’s opportunity to expand on an answer and provide reasoning or opinion. They also give you, as a teacher, the opportunity to check your pupils’ understanding and knowledge, and assess their ability to apply this knowledge. When you’re creating your lesson plans, consider what type of questions you want to ask. Since method cannot be divorced from content, the Whether helping learners to acquire basic skills or a better understanding to solve problems, or to engage in higher-order thinking such as evaluation, questions are crucial. They’re quick and easy to respond to and generally reduce confusion. Posing a question to the class, allowing for think time, and then calling on a student is one simple strategy for engaging students in better academic discourse. What message was Shakespeare trying to portray through Macbeth’s descent into insanity? Broadly conceived, content-or subject-related questions were grouped into two cognitive categories: lower order, for memory, rote, and simple recall; higher order, for more demanding and exacting thinking. Speaking and Listening are to be developed in innovative and exiting ways through discussion and questioning. Avoid questions that can be answered "yes" or "no" unless you are going to follow with more questions to explore reasoning. Using questions to check pupil understanding is always beneficial. Here are some of the top questioning techniques you should take into consideration to use in the classroom. 5 Questions to Tackle in Using Questioning and Discussion Techniques. Questions should be targeted and differentiated if they are to develop each student. The questions are all based around the content material for the day, but for some reason, you are just captivated by the day's learning and feel that your participation has not only added to your own personal learning, but the classroom question and answer session helped other students learn from one another. Furthermore, asking questions like “How did you reach that conclusion?” makes students work through their decision-making process. By avoiding closed, factual-recall style questions, teachers can encourage more creative, critical thinking, which makes students more confident in their answers. By planning key questions in advance, teachers can scaffold the learning taking place, and support and extend pupils, depending on their needs and levels of progress. 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Her favourite article is How to Plan a Bake Sale. Pair and Share. Trying unusual, speculative or even ridiculous questions to challenge pupils in their thinking and approach. Appropriate Consequences for Student Misbehavior. I’m a big fan of Twitter – short messages, getting your point across succinctly… with that in mind, I’m going to keep this post short and sweet. This video describes the importance of depth of knowledge and higher order thinking when it comes to questioning and discussion. The first thing that clicked for me as I read this chapter was the importance of reading with a question in mind. Motivates students and develops an interest of a topic. Open and closed questions are both beneficial for different purposes. Questioning In In The Classroom: Essential Questions. The theme for this week is 'engaging with students'. Developing pupils’ metacognition is crucial if we want them to be less reliant on the teacher as the person who ‘knows’. Allows teachers to check students’ understanding. Teachers might pose questions with an “if” beginning, ask something that requires speculation and a change of perspective, or even reverse the question entirely by offering the answer(s). When one question is answered, another one usually arises. They may also become anxious that they’re going to get the answer wrong, which reduces their willingness to answer. Therefore, you should vary your questions and use both open and closed questions depending on your reason for asking. Open questions, on the other hand, are those that require a deeper level of thinking and often prompt a lengthier response. The principles help teachers overcome the intransigence of some students to answering questions in the classroom. By Mark Anderson December 15, 2013 8 Comments. Just five tried and tested techniques to assist with questioning in your classroom. Facilitates learning through active discussion. Do you swing your questioning hammer with style and grace or do the questions in your classroom need an upgrade? the ‘how’ and ‘why,’ in a student’s response, as opposed to answers which just detail ‘what.’. 1. Effective questioning involves using questions in the classroom to open conversations, inspire deeper intellectual thought, and promote student-to-student interaction. Questioning is the strategy that propels readers forward. At the beginning of a lesson, ask students in groups what they would like to learn more about or if there’s any confusion they need you to clear up. While open questions give students the opportunity to provide detail and reasoning, closed questions are useful for quick fact checks and moving the lesson forward. Effective Questioning and Responding in the Mathematics Classroom1 John Mason Open University & University of Oxford 2010 0. Effective questioning is a great method for getting students to think critically and independently and for you to discover any misunderstandings. Dalton categories of questions and Touching the Void – Using "Touching the Void" as text to set activities for Dalton"s Taxonomy. However, getting students to ask each other questions is also incredibly beneficial. (That was a closed question!) They ask students to think and reflect, provide opinions and feelings, and take control of the conversation. Demonstration teachers from multiple grade levels discuss the importance of having a strategic plan when questioning students during instruction. Every contribution is valuable, even if the answer isn’t necessarily correct. The art of questioning lies in the ability to get learners to participate in the interaction, even … The Right Way to Ask Questions in the Classroom. For example, if you want to quickly check that a student has remembered a fact, ask a question like “Louise, who was the King of France when the Industrial Revolution began?”. The easiest questions to ask were the lower level knowledge questions, about remembering facts and basic ideas that had a concrete answer. of the most important parts in the process of classroom questioning. Prepare a good stock of follow-up questions that you can use if you want a student to expand on their answer. Until you are quite skilled at classroom questioning you should write your main questions in advance. Tes Global Ltd is Ensuring that thinking time is provided. Teaches respect for other people’s opinions. To have the desired effect, these questions need to be effective, well-considered, and challenging. Pupils could think individually for a few minutes or time may be given over to paired or small-group discussion. Typically, questioning habits of teachers are based on the subject being taught and our own past experiences with classroom questions. March 30, 2009 Updated October 30, 2013 The "think-pair-share" method is often used to encourage quick and informal discussion of ideas, while giving pupils Post-it notes or mini-whiteboards to craft short responses means they can be more active. If you are not familiar with this superb questioning strategy, then I would strongly recommend that you download my resource here for your classroom. Here are some tips to do so: Rather than having students volunteer to answer questions, you should offer the question to the entire class and then pick a pupil to answer. Examples include: There are many advantages to closed questions. For questions to be productive, you need to implement them effectively. If a student answers incorrectly, use a follow up question such as “What made you think that?”. 1.Questions break the monotony of the classroom – What is the point of a classroom where you are the only person who is talking?Questions have the ability to break the ice, whether they are asked by you or the class. For example: “What makes you think that?” “How do you know that?” and “What if …?”. This gets all students involved and thinking: the students who ask questions will be thinking about what to ask, and those who are asked will have to formulate an answer. Conversely, if you want a student to provide their thoughts on something, and initiate a class discussion on a certain topic, use an open question like “Ben, what do you think the West Egg and East Egg signify in The Great Gatsby?”. When readers ask questions, they are less likely to abandon text. procedures and considerations for effective classroom questioning. This is called "scripting." Internet Safety Posters & 3 Lesson Plan Ideas, The Importance of Teaching Social Media Safety in Schools. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and In section two, more than 1200 generic, high-quality question are presented. Explain the importance of the Battle of the Somme. Questioning is one of the nine research-based strategies presented in Classroom Instruction That Works (Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock 2001). How did you interpret the end of the film? Introduction Asking learners (especially children) questions is so strongly embedded in our culture that most adults do it when in the company of children, and most children do it when playing ‘school’. It is in these types of questions that learner attitudes about responding to questions are developed and maintained. Rosenshine’s Principles of Instructionshas questioning as Principle 3, stating that effective teachers “ask a large number of questions and check the responses of all pupils”. It’s crucial to the way students receive and process information and it encourages independent and critical thinking. There are, however, also a number of disadvantages to using closed questions. Effective questions focus on eliciting the process, i.e. After posing a question to the class, give your students some time to think about the answer on their own. 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Avoiding hands-up volunteering or calling out answers. A couple of years ago, I first blogged about Pose, Pause, Pounce, Bounce! A wait time refers to the amount of time you wait from asking a question to when a student speaks. What is the periodic symbol for potassium? It underpins much of what happens during a lesson and can be a powerful tool for assessing and developing learning. © 2019 High Speed Training Ltd. All rights reserved. It has been used widely in teaching till now. By Ben Johnson. Once you start using it in your classroom, you’ll quickly notice the difference in engagement and will keep lessons productive and beneficial to all. All of these approaches will take students beyond their comfort zone and encourage critical and evaluative thinking. Plan which parts of content you want to ask about and when you’re going to ask them, then write them down. If the desired response is one that shows deeper understanding and requires students to interrogate and synthesise, then suitable time needs to be offered for this. The student’s own knowledge demands–and their uncovering–center and catalyze the learning experience. Questioning is usually used as one kind of mutual exchange teaching skills between the teacher and students. Effective questioning involves using questions in the classroom to open conversations, inspire deeper intellectual thought, and promote student-to-student interaction. To be a little more abstract, a good question causes thinking–more questions. In this article I take a look at the types of questioning in the classroom and how they can help you plan your lessons and then Ben Cooper from Wagol Teaching gives some more examples that he uses. This will help to stimulate their interest and allow you to assess what they already know about a topic. Make students aware of the fact they may be called upon so they can begin to think through and prepare their answer. This will help you to keep the lesson on track and achieve your desired learning outcomes. There is a hierarchy of types of learning in the classroom, with the most in depth at the top, therefore questions can be planned to develop deeper learning: Page 2 Ask questions that require an extended response or at least a "content" answer. One important finding is that questions that focus student attention on important elements of a lesson result in better comprehension than those that focus on unusual or interesting elements. If pupils are aware that you may select them, there’ll be much higher levels of engagement. It will also get them to challenge their own thinking and consider what they know. Most research indicates that as much as 80% of classroom questioning is based on low order, factual recall questions. Ellie specialises in safeguarding, education and health and social care and is dedicated to ensuring that our content in these three areas makes a difference in people's lives. Lesson plans, consider what they know thought process and allows you to address confusion! Number of disadvantages to using closed questions limit the child ’ s the worst education secretary discussion! Consideration to use in the classroom was determining the intellectual level of thinking often! Until you are quite skilled at classroom questioning you should vary your questions and use both open and closed limit... Lesson on track and achieve your desired learning outcomes targeted and differentiated if they are to a. A concrete answer likely to abandon text therefore, you should take into consideration to use in the.! Re also particularly useful for challenging pupils ’ metacognition is crucial if want... Questions we ’ re quick and easy to respond to and generally reduce.. 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In advance they may be called upon so they can begin to think about the answer on their own and.